MEDINA DEL CAMPO


MEDINA DEL CAMPO
MEDINA DEL CAMPO, town in N. Castile, between olmedo and Rueda. The Jewish community was particularly prosperous during the 13th century: in 1290 its annual tax amounted to 44,000 maravedis. By the 14th century the community consisted of between 50 and 100 householders. In 1313 the regulations on Jewish affairs of the regional council of zamora were applied to Medina del Campo. They covered   the employment of Christians in Jewish homes, the distinctive badge to be worn by the Jews, the prohibition on practicing medicine, interest rates, and the dismissal of Jews from public functions. Nothing is known of how the community fared during the persecutions of 1391, but afterward a converso community existed there. In 1459 Medina del Campo was the center of the activities of the monk alonso de Espina against Conversos suspected of practicing Judaism. During that year he found 30 Conversos who had undergone circumcision. Some of the Conversos prepared to depart for North Africa. One of them, the physician Magister Franciscus, circumcised himself and immigrated to Ereẓ Israel. Therefore, like huesca and Ciudad Real, in the 1450s and 1460s Medina del Campo was a center for the return to Judaism. After the edict of expulsion (1492), those who left the town presumably crossed the borders of the kingdoms of Navarre and Portugal. The last rabbi of the community was Isaac Uzziel, who probably settled in Salonika after the expulsion. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Baer, Spain, index; Baer, Urkunden, 2 (1936), index; B. Llorca, in: Sefarad, 2 (1942), 119; A. Marx, Expulsion of the Jews from Spain (1944), 85, 100; Suárez Fernández, Documentos, index. (Haim Beinart)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Medina del Campo —   Municipality   Town Hall …   Wikipedia

  • Medina del Campo — Wappen Karte von Spanien …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Medina del Campo — L hôtel de ville …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Medina Del Campo — Medina del Campo …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Medina del Campo — Medina del Cạmpo   [me ȓina ], Stadt in der Provinz Valladolid, Altkastilien, Spanien, am Zapardiel, 721 m über dem Meeresspiegel, 20 100 Einwohner; Straßen und Eisenbahnknotenpunkt; Landwirtschaftszentrum.   Stadtbild:   Kastell La Mota (um… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Medīna del Campo — Medīna del Campo, Bezirkshauptstadt in der span. Provinz Valladolid, in getreidereicher Ebene, am Zapardiel, Knotenpunkt der Eisenbahnlinien Madrid Irun, M. Villalba, M. Zamora und M. Salamanca, hat alte Mauern, Reste eines ehemals festen,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Medina del Campo — Medīna del Campo, Stadt in der span. Prov. Valladolid, am Zapardiel, (1900) 5971 E.; Weizenbau …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Medina del Campo — Medina del Campo, una villa española Castellanoleonesa de origen prerromano en la provincia de Valladolid y a 50 km de distancia de la capital. * * * ► Mun. de la prov. española de Valladolid, cabecera de p. j.; 20 023 h. Centro cerealista y… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Medina del Campo — v. d Espagne (Castille Léon); 18 890 hab. Centre agricole. Métallurgie. Chât. de la Mota (XVe s.) où César Borgia et François Ier furent emprisonnés …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Medina del Campo — Este artículo o sección necesita ser wikificado con un formato acorde a las convenciones de estilo. Por favor, edítalo para que las cumpla. Mientras tanto, no elimines este aviso. También puedes ayudar wikificando otros artículos o cambiando este …   Wikipedia Español


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.